Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that is evidenced by sustained muscle contractions. These muscle contractions cause abnormal postures or twisting and repetitive movements.
Dystonia has various causes and may affect different areas or parts of your body. Classification and diagnosis can be difficult because of this.
Dystonia is divided into two large categories. They are determined by how old you are at the time the disorder begins. If dystonia starts during your youth, you may have a type of dystonia that is inherited. Your signs and symptoms may sooner or later affect all of your body.
The other broad category of dystonia starts in older adults. This kind of dystonia usually affects only one of your body parts. This is usually your hand, face, or neck.
There are several different types of dystonia. Focal dystonia is one of the types of dystonia.
Focal dystonia affects a localized area or part of your body. Usually, it affects your hand and/or arm, vocal cords, neck, mouth and/or jaw and eyes. The muscle contractions or movements caused by focal dystonia are involuntary and can be quite painful.
Spasmodic dysphonia is one of the types of focal dystonia. It is marked by involuntary movements of one or more of the muscles of your larynx (voice box or vocal folds).
There are three types of spasmodic dysphonia. They are:
- Adductor spasmodic dysphonia – In this type your vocal cords slam together and stiffen.
- Abductor spasmodic dysphonia – In this type your vocal cords open and cannot vibrate.
- Mixed spasmodic dysphonia – This type has characteristics of both adductor and abductor spasmodic dysphonia.
Although spasmodic dysphonia can affect anyone, it usually occurs in people who are between the ages of 30 and 50. Women appear to be affected more than men.
The signs and symptoms of spasmodic dysphonia are determined by the type that you have. Indications of adductor spasmodic dysphonia include words being cut off or difficult to start and a voice that is strained, strangled and full of effort. Signs and symptoms of abductor spasmodic dysphonia include a voice that sounds weak, quiet and whispery or breathy. Mixed spasmodic dysphonia may include indications from both adductor spasmodic dysphonia and abductor spasmodic dysphonia.
You or a loved one may have spasmodic dysphonia. This disorder and/or complications that have resulted from it may be why you are disabled and in need of financial assistance.
You or your loved one may intend to apply for the financial help that you need from the Social Security Administration by applying for Social Security disability benefits or disability benefits because of the disability caused by spasmodic dysphonia and/or complications that have resulted from this disorder. Have you or your loved one already done this and been denied?
If you or your loved one plans on reapplying or appealing the denial, here is an important fact that you need to consider. People who have a disability lawyer on their side like the one you will find at Social Security Home are approved more often than people who are not represented by a disability attorney.