Arthritis is a medical disorder that literally means joint inflammation. Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints that is characterized and usually accompanied by stiffness, swelling, pain, restriction of motion and changes in structure.
Arthritis is much larger than one single disorder. Arthritis is a complex disease that includes over 100 separate ailments that may originate at any age of your life. However, the two forms of arthritis that take place most often are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Costosternal chondrodynia is a kind of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is considered to be a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that results in your immune system attacking your joints.
Costosternal chondrodynia is inflammation of the cartilage that joins a rib to your breastbone (sternum). Costosternal chondrodynia is evidenced by sharp pain that is a localized type of chest pain. By pushing on the cartilage at the front of your ribcage, you can usually reproduce the pain that is caused by costosternal chondrodynia.
Costosternal chondrodynia is referred to by other names. It as also called costosternal syndrome, chest wall pain or costochondritis.
Costosternal chondrodynia and Tietze syndrome are often used interchangeably. Even though they are similar, they are two separate disorders. The difference between these two disorders is that there is localized swelling with Tietze syndrome, while there is no swelling with costosternal chondrodynia.
One of the common causes of chest pain in adolescents and children is costosternal chondrodynia. This disorder accounts for somewhere around 10 to 30% of chest pain in children.
In instances where costosternal chondrodynia affects adults, women are afflicted with this disorder much more often than men are. In fact, women represent around 70% of the cases of costosternal chondrodynia.
Costosternal chondrodynia may develop as an independent disorder. What this means is that it has occurred without being associated with or coming as a consequence of some other type of condition or disorder. When this is the case, costosternal chondrodynia usually results in little harm and is resolved in a few days.
However, costosternal chondrodynia may also be a sign or symptom of a larger, more serious disease. Some of these disorders are things like Crohn’s disease, fibromyalgia, ulcerative colitis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis or psoriatic arthritis.
In most instances, what leads to the occurrence of costosternal chondrodynia is not known. However, in some cases, costosternal chondrodynia does have a cause that can be determined. Some of these causes are:
- Pain coming from other parts of your body
- An injury, such as a blow to you chest
- Being more vulnerable to infection after you have had surgery
- Infection that takes place in your costosternal joint.
Sharp Pain in Ribs and Costosternal Chondrodynia
The hallmark sign or symptom of costosternal chondrodynia is a sharp pain and tenderness where your ribs and your breastbone come together. This pain may also be a gnawing, dull kind of pain. Other signs and symptoms that you may experience include:
- Having a difficult time breathing
- Pain when you take a deep breath
- Pain when you have to cough.
- The Disabling Nature Of Rheumatoid Arthritis (philadelphia.cbslocal.com)