When you hear the term "diabetes insipidus," you may think that it is related to what is commonly called "sugar" diabetes, or diabetes mellitus. It is true that these disorders share a name and have some signs and symptoms in common. However, the fact is diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) and diabetes insipidus are unrelated.
Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a disorder that is evidenced by urinating large amounts (polyuria). It is also characterized by intense thirst.
There are several forms of diabetes insipidus. They are:
Cranial diabetes insipidus
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus
Gestational diabetes insipidus.
The most common effects caused by diabetes insipidus are extreme thirst and urinating large amounts of diluted urine. If you have a mild form of this disorder, your urine output can be 2.6 quarts (about 2.5 liters) a day. If your condition is severe, you may have a urine output up to 16 quarts (about 15 liters) a day.
This is especially true if you consume lot of liquids each day. In comparison, the average urine output for a healthy adult is in the range of 1.6 to 2.6 quarts (about 1.5 to 2.5 liters) a day.
Other ways that diabetes insipidus may affect you are bed-wetting and frequent urination during the night (nocturia). Infants and young children who have diabetes insipidus may have some of the following effects:
Unusually wet diapers
Inconsolable crying or Unexplained fussiness
Dry skin with cool extremities
Vomiting, diarrhea or fever.
The rate of fluid excreted by your kidneys is greatly influenced by the production of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), also called vasopressin. Your body makes ADH in your hypothalamus and stores it in your pituitary gland. Whenever necessary, ADH is released into your bloodstream. ADH then concentrates your urine by triggering your kidney tubules to reabsorb water back into your bloodstream rather than excreting water into your urine.
Diabetes insipidus would not ordinarily be a condition that would disable you and keep you from working. However, this disease and underlying related conditions could be the cause of you or a loved ones disability.
Do you or your loved one need help because of your disability? Do you need financial help?
Have you or your loved one applied for Social Security disability benefits or disability benefits from the Social Security Administration because of the disability caused by diabetes insipidus and underlying related conditions? Were you denied?
If you or your loved one is thinking about appealing the denial by the Social Security Administration, remember this. People who are represented by a disability attorney approved more often than people who are without a lawyer.
Do not wait. Do not put this off. This is something that could affect you or your loved one for the rest of your life.