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Learn About Oromandibular Dystonia and Getting Disability

Dystonia is a neurological movement ailment that is evidenced by sustained muscle contractions. These muscle contractions may lead to twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures. There are different forms of dystonia. Focal dystonia is one of the kinds of dystonia. Focal dystonia is a type of dystonia that involves a localized part of your body. In most cases, focal dystonia affects your vocal cords, neck, mouth and/or jaw and eyes or your hand and/or arm. The movements or muscle contractions that result from focal dystonia are involuntary. This means that you have no control over them. The muscle contractions or movements caused by focal dystonia may also cause significant pain. In most instances, focal dystonia takes place in adults. However, focal dystonia may also develop in children and adolescents. Focal dystonia usually occurs as a primary ailment. What this means is that it does not develop as a result of or secondary to another disease or condition. However, in some instances, focal dystonia may stem from or be secondary to a larger neurological or medical disorder. Just as there are several kinds of dystonia, there are also several forms of focal dystonia. The various types of focal dystonia are determined by the area of your body that is affected by the ailment. Oromandibular dystonia is one of the forms of focal dystonia. Oromandibular dystonia is also known as cranial dystonia. Oromandibular dystonia is a type of focal dystonia that involves any muscle that is located above your neck. Oromandibular dystonia may affect your jaw, tongue, eyes or mouth. The disorder is evidenced by problems with opening and closing your mouth. Oromandibular dystonia also may cause difficulty with your speech and chewing. Oromandibular dystonia usually starts in adults who are between the ages of 40 and 70. Oromandibular dystonia also appears to be more common in women than it is in men. Oromandibular dystonia is caused by a dysfunction of the basal ganglia of your brain. It may be primary, which means that it develops independently of any other disorder or disease. Or, oromandibular dystonia may be secondary. What this means is that it comes from secondary causes, such as drug exposure or certain diseases like Wilson’s disease.

Signs and Symptoms That You Might Have Oromandibular Dystonia

There are several different signs and symptoms that you may have, which may be an indication of oromandibular dystonia. The signs and symptoms produced by this ailment may range anywhere from being really mild to severe. Possible signs and symptoms include:   ?  Your jaw being pulled open or shut ?  Difficulty when you eat ?  Speech that is breathy ?  Uncontrollable blinking ?  Problems with swallowing ?  Your tongue being pulled up, back or down ?  Difficulty talking ?  Bruxism (grinding or clenching of your teeth) ?  Pursing and tightening of your lips ?  Jaw pain.   In some cases, these signs and symptoms may be aggravated by certain activities like chewing, biting or speaking. They may be temporarily relieved by placing a toothpick in your mouth, applying pressure beneath your chin, talking, lightly touching your chin or lips or chewing gum. There are several different signs and symptoms that you may have, which may be an indication of oromandibular dystonia. The signs and symptoms produced by this ailment may range anywhere from being really mild to severe. Possible signs and symptoms include:
  1. ?  Your jaw being pulled open or shut
  2. ?  Difficulty when you eat
  3. ?  Speech that is breathy
  4. ?  Uncontrollable blinking
  5. ?  Problems with swallowing
  6. ?  Your tongue being pulled up, back or down
  7. ?  Difficulty talking
  8. ?  Bruxism (grinding or clenching of your teeth)
  9. ?  Pursing and tightening of your lips
  10. ?  Jaw pain.
In some cases, these signs and symptoms may be aggravated by certain activities like chewing, biting or speaking. They may be temporarily relieved by placing a toothpick in your mouth, applying pressure beneath your chin, talking, lightly touching your chin or lips or chewing gum.
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