Dementia is a progressive decline in the way a person knows, perceives and interprets the world around them. With dementia, the cognitive or knowing areas that can be affected include attention, language, memory and problem solving.
In the later stages of dementia, a person can be disoriented in time, place and person. In other words, they may not know when it is, where they are or who they are.
Multi-infarct/Vascular dementia is the second most common kind of dementia in people over age 65. The most common kind of dementia in the elderly is the dementia caused by Alzheimers disease.
Multi-infarct dementia is the most common form of vascular dementia. It accounts for 10-20% of all cases of worsening, progressive dementia. It usually affects people between the ages of 60-75. Multi-infarct vascular dementia is more likely to occur in men than women.
Multi-infarct/Vascular dementia refers to a group of syndromes caused by different mechanisms that all result in vascular lesions in the brain. This disorder affects the blood vessels in the brain.
There are some main subtypes of multi-infarct/vascular dementia. These include vascular mild cognitive impairment, vascular dementia due to a strategic single infarct, vascular dementia due to hemorrhagic lesions, small vessel disease and mixed Alzheimer's and vascular dementia.
Multi-infarct/Vascular dementia is caused by a series of strokes that disrupt blood flow to the brain. This results in brain tissue being damaged or destroyed.
The beginning of multi-infarct/vascular dementia often goes unnoticed in the early stages, especially if the strokes are minor. If the strokes are minor, the signs and symptoms caused by each stroke may include slurred speech, mild weakness in the limbs, dizziness and a slight impairment to the short-term memory; however, these do not last for a long period of time.
Eventually, however, the cumulative effects of these strokes will result in noticeable signs and symptoms displayed by a person. These symptoms include:
Wandering or getting lost in familiar places
Difficulty following instructions
Problems with recent memory
Walking with rapid, shuffling steps
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Problems handling money
Inability to control emotions.
If this describes a parent or loved one, you may have applied for financial help on their behalf from the Social Security Administration for Social Security disability benefits or disability benefits because of the disability caused by multi-infarct/vascular dementia. Was your parent or loved one denied?
You may plan to appeal the denial by the Social Security Administration. If you do, remember this.
Your parent or loved one might need the advice and representation of a disability lawyer like the one you will find here during the appeals process. The reason for this is because people who are represented by a disability attorney are approved more often than those people who are without a lawyer.