The Appeals Council is the last appeal step in the Social Security Administration's appeal process. If a claimant's Social Security Disability case is denied by an Administrative Law Judge they may appeal their decision to the Appeals Council. The Appeals Council does not have to review the claim, but if they accept the case for review, the case may be remanded back to the Administrative Law Judge or the Appeals Council may review it a second time. Social Security Disability cases that are denied a final time by the Appeals Council must be appealed to a federal court. There is a fee for filing a federal case and specific filing procedures.